Research Winner

first_imgUniversity of Georgia plant breeder and geneticist Katrien Devos’ work unraveling the mysteries of pearl millet aims to make subsistence farming communities more food-secure.The pioneering and globally engaged nature of her work earned her one of UGA’s top research awards: the Creative Research Medal.The Research Awards Program is sponsored by the UGA Research Foundation (UGARF). Awards are given annually to honor outstanding faculty, postdoctoral fellows and graduate students, and to recognize excellence in UGA research, scholarly creativity and technology commercialization.A committee of accomplished researchers at UGA selects these award winners.  Devos, who holds a joint appointment in UGA’s College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and Franklin College of Arts and Sciences, earned her doctorate from Ghent University in Belgium. She conducted pioneering research on the comparative genetics of cereals at the John Innes Centre in Norwich, England, before coming to UGA in 2003.In late 2016, Devos received a $1.8 million collaborative grant from the National Science Foundation to study the genetics of finger millet — an important crop that promotes food security in eastern Africa — and Magnaporthe oryzae, the fungal pathogen that causes blast disease in finger millet.The resources developed through this project will help breeders create more efficient, sustainable varieties of finger millet that are also resistant to blast disease.Recently, UGA plant geneticists successfully isolated the gene that creates dwarfed varieties of pearl millet. This is the first time that a gene controlling an important agronomic trait has been isolated in the pearl millet genome. Their work appeared in the March edition of the journal, G3: Genes, Genomics, Genetics.The dwarf varieties are economically important in the U.S. and in India in particular. Dwarf varieties are used as forage plants in the U.S. and are grown as a food staple in India.Devos’ team was able to trace the dwarf gene to plants bred 50 years ago by Glenn Burton, a UGA plant breeder who worked on CAES’s Tifton campus.Knowing which gene controls the dwarfing trait will help plant breeders create more efficient, sustainable varieties of millet that have the short stature sought by some farmers and ranchers.“Knowing the actual gene that reduces plant height has allowed us to develop markers that can be used by breeders to screen for the presence of the gene long before the effects of the gene can be visually observed,” Devos said. “In the longer term, the knowledge gained in pearl millet will help to develop semi-dwarf lines with high agronomic performances in other cereal crops,” she said.Dwarf varieties of pearl millet are not ideal for every planting situation. In Africa, many farmers prefer taller varieties because they use the long stalks for roofing thatch and other applications.However, dwarf millet allows farmers to harvest the grain with mechanical threshers where millet is intensively cultivated. Ranchers like dwarf millet as a forage plant because it has a high leaf-to-stem ratio, Devos said.Knowing more about the plant is key to broadening production of the drought-resistant, hardy grain.For more about Devos’ work, visit research.franklin.uga.edu/devoslab.last_img read more

Vermont achieves EPA air standard

first_imgVermont Achieves Attainment with the Fine Particle Air-Quality StandardsBOSTON – EPA analysis of air quality indicates that Vermont has ambientconcentrations of fine particles that meet current health standards.Fine particles, frequently referred to as PM2.5, are less than 2.5micrometers in diameter (approximately one-thirtieth the size of a humanhair). Fine particles are unhealthy to breathe and have been associatedwith serious health impacts, including premature death from heart and lungdisease, aggravation of heart and lung diseases (including chronicbronchitis and asthma), increased hospital admissions and doctor visits,and absences from work and school. These particles are derived from avariety of sources, including factories, power plants, trash incinerators,motor vehicles, construction activity and fires. In addition, fineparticles are the major cause of reduced visibility (haze) in parts of theUnited States, including many of our national parks.â¬SWe can be proud that air quality in most of New England attains thehealth-based Clean Air Fine Particle standards for fine-particlepollution,⬝ said Robert W. Varney, regional administrator of EPA⬔s NewEngland Office. “Even with this success, we need to ensure that standardscontinue to be attained and that, especially in urban areas, we continueefforts to reduce the amount of fine particles in the air that peoplebreathe.”Nationally, EPA is taking numerous actions to reduce pollution from fineparticles, including tougher emission limits for power plants in theeastern U.S. and tougher tailpipe emission limits and cleaner fuels forall cars, light-duty vehicles (including sport utility vehicles andminivans) and diesel trucks, beginning this year. In May 2004, EPA issuedits Clean Air Nonroad Diesel Rule that will cut emission levels fromconstruction, agricultural and industrial diesel-powered equipment by morethan 90 percent.Even though Vermont will not be required to develop plans to bring theirstates into attainment with the standards, New England states will benefitfrom programs in predominantly upwind states to reduce their fine-particlelevels. Some of the same pollutants that contribute to the formation offine particles also contribute to formation of ground-level ozone,regional haze, and acid rain, all of which have serious environmentalconsequences for New England.With support from EPA, the six New England states currently operate anetwork of over 100 monitors to measure fine particle concentration. Thisnetwork is needed to measure progress in maintaining standards, and toprovide real-time data so that EPA can alert the public when fine particleconcentrations are high in any area of the New England region. During2004, EPA New England awarded $250,000 in operating funds and in-kindservices to Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) foroperation of its fine particle monitors. For Vermont, EPA⬔s 2004 grantfunds are being used for operation and maintenance of 6 fine particlemonitoring sites, where the state operates filter-based samplers,continuous monitors or speciation samplers.EPA issued the fine particle standards in 1997 after evaluating hundredsof health studies and conducting an extensive peer review process. Theannual standard is a level of 15 micrograms per cubic meter, based on the3-year average of annual mean PM2.5 concentrations. The 24-hour standardis a level of 65 micrograms per cubic meter, determined by the 3-yearaverage of the annual 98th percentile concentrations. Scientists, however,have not identified any “bright line” at which fine particle levels arenot harmful to human health so it makes good sense for states to pursuevoluntary measures that further reduce fine particle levels.EPA and states have adopted many measures to decrease sources of fineparticle pollution. These include measures addressing SO2 and NOxemissions from power plants, as well as regulations affecting heavy-dutydiesel engines, highway vehicles, and other mobile sources that willreduce emissions of NOx, direct PM2.5, SO2 and volatile organic compounds(VOCs). Programs that states can pursue to reduce fine particle pollutioninclude retrofitting engines in school buses, diesel trucks, and off-roadvehicles; reducing sulfur levels in diesel and home-heating fuels,increasing anti-idling efforts and vehicle opacity testing, betterenforcement of existing laws, and educational outreach.For more information on today’s announcement, visit:www.epa.gov/region1/airquality/partic.html(link is external)http://www.epa.gov/pmdesignati(link is external)…s/ . National information on EPA⬔s Clean Air Fine Particle standards isavailable at: http://www.epa.gov/pmdesignations/(link is external) .Release # dd-04-12 -14last_img read more

Former South Korean president jailed after losing appeal

first_imgAt a hearing on Wednesday, Seoul’s Central District Court ordered a heavier sentence, saying Lee “did not show a sign of remorse or sense of responsibility” for his wrongdoings.He instead blamed civil servants he worked with and Samsung employees, the court said.Several South Korean presidents have ended up in prison after leaving office — often as a result of investigations started by political rivals.Lee’s successor, Park Geun-hye, is currently serving 32 years in jail for bribery and abuse of power after being ousted in 2017 over a nationwide corruption scandal that prompted massive street protests.Another former leader, Roh Moo-hyun, committed suicide after being questioned in a corruption probe involving his family. Former South Korean president Lee Myung-bak was taken to prison Wednesday to begin a 17-year term for bribery and embezzlement after losing an appeal against a lighter sentence. Lee, in office from 2008 to 2013, was briefly jailed in 2018 after being sentenced to 15 years and fined 13 billion won (US$11 million), but was granted bail while he appealed.He was found guilty of creating slush funds of tens of millions of dollars and accepting bribes from Samsung Electronics in return for a presidential pardon for its chairman, Lee Kun-hee, who was jailed for tax evasion. Topics :last_img read more

IMO Eyes Tougher Measures to Reduce Marine Plastic Litter from Ships

first_imgThe International Maritime Organization (IMO) has adopted an action plan which aims to enhance existing regulations and introduce new supporting measures to reduce marine plastic litter from ships.The action plan stipulates actions to be completed by 2025, which relate to all ships, including fishing vessels. The concrete measures and details will be further considered by MEPC 74.The reduction measures being targeted on behalf of the shipping industry’s include a review of the application of placards, garbage management plans and garbage record-keeping in MARPOL Annex V. It is also being proposed to establish compulsory mechanism to declare loss of containers and identify number of losses; and consider ways to communicate location of containers lost overboard.Dumping plastics into the sea is already prohibited under regulations for the prevention of pollution by garbage from ships in the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), which also oblige governments to ensure adequate port reception facilities to receive ship waste.Only permitted materials can be dumped and this waste – such as from dredging – has to be fully assessed to ensure it does not contain harmful materials like plastics.However, studies demonstrate that despite the existing regulatory framework to prevent marine plastic litter from ships, discharges into the sea continue to occur. Marine litter has a substantial harmful effect on the marine life and it can also pose dangers to shipping.For example, abandoned or lost fishing nets can become entangled in propellers and rudders.Specific identified measures in the action plan also include:a proposed study on marine plastic litter from ships;looking into the availability and adequacy of port reception facilities;consideration of making marking of fishing gear mandatory, in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO);promoting reporting the loss of fishing gear;facilitating the delivery of retrieved fishing gear to shore facilities;reviewing provisions related to the training of fishing vessel personnel and familiarization of seafarers to ensure awareness of the impact of marine plastic litter;enhancing public awareness; andstrengthening international cooperation, in particular FAO and UN Environment.last_img read more

Youth At New Juvenile Remand Centre

first_img Share Share Share NewsRegional Youth At New Juvenile Remand Centre by: – August 8, 2011 Tweetcenter_img 24 Views   no discussions A section of the Metcalfe Street Secure Juvenile Centre. Photo credit: Jamaica-gleanerAugust 8, Kingston, Jamaica – The National Youth Council of Jamaica (NYCJ) welcomes the renovation and conversion of the former Metcalfe Street Adult Correctional Centre into the modern day Juvenile Remand Centre for Boys. This was funded by the Government at a cost of $168 million, and we see it as a key step in strengthening the structures for rehabilitation for youth in conflict with the law.Youth In Their Own SpaceThe opening of this new facility will see the removal of 208 male juvenile offenders between 13-17 years from adult correctional prisons, which will ease overcrowding in some of our prisons. While such a move is commendable, there is also a need for the upgrading existing juvenile detention facilities to ensure that youth in conflict with the law are provided with the counselling, skills training, and the best opportunities for their rehabilitation and smooth reintegration into society as productive citizens.Trained PersonnelWe note that several persons were recruited and trained as correctional officers, and it is critical that the correctional officers are provided with ongoing training to deal with the juveniles at these remand centres. It is important for our policy makers to note that these remand centres are not an end within itself but a means to an end of the many social ills that plagues us as a nation. While strengthening our rehabilitation mechanisms is necessary, we deem it important that there be corresponding investment in youth programmes, as a means of developing resilience on the part of our youthRyan Small, ChairmanNational Youth Council of Jamaica Sharing is caring!last_img read more

Gascoigne shacks up with glamorous single mum during coronavirus lockdown

first_img Promoted Content10 Risky Jobs Some Women Do11 Most Immersive Game To Play On Your Table Top8 Things You Didn’t Know About CoffeeIncredible Underwater Objects Surrounded By Mystery7 Facts About Black Holes That Will Blow Your MindStunning Wedding Outfits From All Around The WorldThe Highest Paid Football Players In The WorldWho Earns More Than Ronaldo?A Hurricane Can Be As Powerful As 10 Atomic Bombs10 Amazing Characters We Wish Were Official Disney Princesses10 Phones That Can Easily Fit In The Smallest Pocket6 Incredibly Strange Facts About Hurricanes The implants make him feel sick if he has too much to drink. He said: “It means you can have a beer or a glass of wine and socialise, but you cannot have anymore.” The former idol was seen earlier this year, posing for selfies with drinkers in a bar in Benalmádena on the Costa Del Sol. Since returning to the UK, he has been snapped laughing and having fun in Swinton, Gtr Manchester. Read Also:Sexual assault: Paul Gascoigne found not guilty The twice-married star also hinted at a new romance, saying “there is a girl I like” before admitting he had not been in a proper relationship for 20 years. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Paul Gascoigne has shacked up with a glamorous single mum during the coronavirus pandemic. Loading… The former England and Spurs ace fell for Wendy Leech after meeting her on holiday in Spain. Gazza, 52, and mum-of-two Wendy, 43, were spotted escaping lockdown to take her dogs for a stroll close to her £65,000 flat in Salford, Gtr Manchester. A source said: “Paul looks happy with Wendy. “They met in Spain while he was on holiday earlier this month and have been together now for a couple of weeks.” In January, Geordie Gazza — who has had a long battle with booze and mental health problems — said he had found peace thanks to anti-alcohol pellets.Advertisementlast_img read more

Guns, bullets seized

first_imgOfficers of theBalete police station immediately responded to the information provided by aconcerned citizen, who saw Leal carrying a firearm around 6 p.m. on Nov. 2. The 40-year-oldresident Yrel Fernandez yielded a .45-caliber pistol with several live bullets,police said. ILOILO City – Adrunken man was caught for illegal possession of firearm in Barangay Fulgencio,Balete, Aklan. center_img Leal wasdetained and charged for violation of Republic Act 10591, or the ComprehensiveFirearms and Ammunition Regulation Act./PNlast_img

Lane closures planned this weekend along U.S. 50 in Aurora, Lawrenceburg and Greendale

first_imgDearborn County, IN— Dave O’Mara Contractor Inc. will continue to work on U.S. 50 through Aurora, Lawrenceburg, and Greendale this weekend. The entire $7 million project is expected to be completed by late October and includes a slide correction near Wilson Creek Road in Aurora and asphalt resurfacing from S.R. 350 to S.R. 1.Lane closures will be in effect this weekend while crews install guardrail, adjust manhole castings, complete signal work and finish permanent pavement markings. Beginning at 7 p.m. on Friday, October 11, the right lane of U.S. 50 EB will close near Wilson Creek Road in Aurora. Around the same time, the right lane of U.S. 50 WB will also close near Rudolph Way in Greendale to S.R. 148 in Aurora. All lane restrictions will be lifted by Monday, October 14, at 6 a.m.Motorists are urged to slow down, use caution and drive distraction-free throughout the work zone along U.S. 50. All work is weather dependent.last_img read more

McGinley will make late decision

first_img Press Association European captain Paul McGinley will leave it to the last minute to decide on his Ryder Cup wild cards, admitting “something spectacular” could yet influence his decision. McGinley admits he faces a tough task in making his selections on Monday, with three heroes from the ‘Miracle at Medinah’ in 2012 – Donald, Poulter and Lee Westwood – all having to rely on a wild card. Gallacher knocking McDowell out of the team would complicate matters further, while the likes of Joost Luiten and Francesco Molinari would boost their chances with a win in Turin. “This is the toughest part of my job so far since I was appointed,” McGinley added. “All the ex-captains who I have spoken to have told me this is the most difficult part because you are going to have to make phone calls to some guys who are friends and tell them that they are not in the team. “It will be tough but I am not alone because I have two very experienced vice-captains in Des Smyth and Sam Torrance who are there to help me. “We will spend all day on Monday discussing it and then we will watch the golf from America and make our announcement on Tuesday.” McGinley knows from experience what the players in Italy are going through, as he sealed his place on the team in 2004 by finishing joint sixth in the final event. “I can understand the pressure the players are under and I can relate to it,” the Dubliner added. “There is no doubt that the pressure I was under in 2004 and the way I pushed myself over the line to make the team helped me play my best Ryder Cup in Detroit that year.” Scotland’s Stephen Gallacher is the only player who can move into the automatic qualifying places by finishing first or second in the final counting event, this week’s Italian Open. But even if Gallacher fails to dislodge Graeme McDowell from the team, the winner in Turin on Sunday or even in Boston on Monday may make a compelling case for one of McGinley’s three wild cards to be named on Tuesday. Although the Deutsche Bank Championship does not count for qualifying, the likes of Ian Poulter and Luke Donald will be keen to impress in the second FedEx Cup play-off event. “There is an opportunity this week for the guys to play well in the last counting event when the spotlight is on them, which will be huge for those players,” McGinley said. “Even if they don’t qualify automatically there are a few players here who could win or do very well and really give themselves the best possible chance of a pick. “I want to see guys bursting over the line this week. “I want the Ryder Cup to be something they gravitate towards and something that excites them to the point where the golf they produce elevates them and pushes them towards that finishing line, just like Jamie Donaldson did last week (winning the Czech Masters to seal his place). “It was pressurised, it was exciting and that’s what I want to see from the guys here this week and the others who are playing in America. “If something spectacular happens either here or in America this week then I will consider it. A win here would be hugely significant in this kind of spotlight at the last counting event. “It would be massively significant in terms of pushing someone over the line.” last_img read more

McNamara ‘stable’ after surgery

first_imgRobbie McNamara is reported to “very stable” after undergoing spinal surgery at the Mater Hospital in Dublin on Saturday. Dr Adrian McGoldrick, chief medical advisor for the Irish Turf Club, said: “Robbie has multiple fractures, abdominal bleeding and a collapsed lung. “He had spinal surgery this morning and is in the high dependency unit at Mater (Hospital), but he is very stable. “We will hopefully have more news on Sunday. He is certainly in a lot better place than he was last night.” The jockey was due to partner last year’s Cheltenham Gold Cup winner Lord Windermere in the Crabbie’s Grand National at Aintree, but suffered multiple injuries after coming to grief in a fall at Wexford. He was initially taken to Wexford General Hospital, before being transferred on Friday night. center_img Press Associationlast_img read more